File Name: windows system admin interview questions and answers .zip
Are you a person with a degree in computer engineering or electrical engineering? A system administrator is a person who is responsible for the upkeep configuration and reliable operation of computer system especially multi user computer such as servers. A person who manages the operation of a computer system or particular electronic communication service.
NTFS is the current file system used by Windows. It offers features like security permissions to limit other users' access to folders , quotas so one user can't fill up the disk , shadowing backing up and many other features that help Windows.
VOIP - Short for Voice Over Internet Protocol, a category of hardware and software that enables people to use the Internet as the transmission medium for telephone calls by sending voice data in packets using IP rather than by traditional circuit transmissions. Loopback address is A proxy server is a computer that acts as a gateway between a local network e. Proxy servers provide increased performance and security. In some cases, they monitor employees' use of outside resources.
Antivirus: The prime job of an anivirus is protect your system from computer viruses. Your computer may be standalone or part of network or connected to Internet you need an antivirus program.
It actively monitors when you are using your system for any virus threat from different sources. These attacks may not be virus type. In some cases hackers can take control of your system remotely and steal your data or important information from system. If your system is directly connected to internet or a large network than you can install a software firewall in your PC to protect your self from unauthorized access.
Firewall is available either in software or in hardware form. For a single PC you may need a software firewall while a large corporate implements hardware firewall to protect all of their systems from such attacks. Backend server: A back end server is a computer resource that has not been exposed to the internet. In this regard the computing resource does not directly interact with the internet user.
It can also be described as a server whose main function is to store and retrieve email messages. Frontend server: A frontend server is a computer resources that has exposed to the internet. This allows users to access resources by computer name instead of by IP address. If you want this computer to keep track of the names and IP addresses of other computers in your network, configure this computer as a WINS server.
The Windows Registry, usually referred to as "the registry," is a collection of databases of configuration settings in Microsoft Windows operating systems. Windows XP includes a folder named System Volume Information on the root of each drive that remains hidden from view even when you choose to show system files.
It remains hidden because it is not a normally hidden folder you can say it is a Super Hidden Folder. Short form Master Boot Record, a small program that is executed when a computer boots up. Typically, the MBR resides on the first sector of the hard disk. The program begins the boot process by looking up the partition table to determine which partition to use for booting.
BitLocker is an encryption feature available in Ultimate and Enterprise versions of Windows 7 and Vista, To encrypt an entire drive, simply right-click on the drive and select Turn on BitLocker from the context menu. IDE and SATA are different types of interfaces to connect storage devices like hard drives to a computer's system bus. For many years ATA provided the most common and the least expensive interface for this application.
This is a big deal in the Microsoft world for disaster recovery, high availability and more. VMware does this, too, but the vendor charges new licensees extra for the capability.
Get to Know My Computers Uptime. In performance tab we can see system up time Method 2: By typing systeminfo in command prompt we can find out up time of your server In system boot time.
Server Manager is a management console in Windows Server R2 Preview and Windows Server that helps IT professionals provision and manage both local and remote Windowsbased servers from their desktops, without requiring either physical access to servers, or the need to enable Remote Desktop protocol RDP connections to each server.
DHCP operates on a client server model in four phases. At this point the IP configuration process is complete. UDP protocol and 67 port in client and 68 port in server. A typical server allows its administrator to set the lease time. Discover, Offer, request and acknowledgement. If a DHCP server is to operate within an Active Directory domain and is not running on a domain controller it must first be authorized to Active directory.
You may want to backup your DHCP server from time to time to prepare for disaster recovery scenarios or when migrating DHCP server role to a new hardware.
Right click server name, choose Backup.. Right Click server name, choose Restore 3. Choose the location of the backup, click OK 4. Because domain names are alphabetic, they're easier to remember.
Two types of lookup in DNS. Forward lookup : it converts Domain name to ip address. Reverse lookup: it converts ip address to Domain name. Three types of zone.
Primary zone secandary zone and stub zone. Why it is used. Its an active directory protocal ,Basically, it's a protocol used to access data from a database. Why it used. Active Directory is a Directory Service created by Microsoft.
It is included with most Windows Server operating systems. Using Active Directory brings a number of advantages to your network, Centralized user account management Centralized policy management group policy Better security management. Group Policy is a feature of the Microsoft Windows NT family of operating systems that control the working environment of user accounts and computer accounts.
Group Policy provides the centralized management and configuration of operating systems, applications, and users' settings in an Active Directory environment. Local Group Policy object site , Domain and organizational units. Assign Users : The software application is advertised when the user logs on. It is installed when the user clicks on the software application icon via the start menu, or accesses a file that has been associated with the software application.
Assign Computers :The software application is advertised and installed do so, s uch as when the computer is next restarted. Publish to users : The software application does not appear on the start menu or desktop.
This means the user may not know that the software is available. Published applications do not reinstall themselves in the event of accidental deletion, and it is not possible to publish to computers. It is used to log on to the computer when Active Directory has failed or needs to be restored. Timing can be tricky; if the Windows logo appears you waited too long. A text menu menu will appear.
Then press the Enter key. To Install Microsoft Active Directory: Ensure that you log on to the computer with an administrator account to perform installation. In the Welcome page, click Next. In the Operating system compatibility panel, click Next. This name will be used during Tivoli Provisioning Manager installation, so make a note of it. Click Next. The first part of the DNS name is usually sufficient.
On the Database and Logs panel, select the desired folders for the Database and Logs. On the Shared System Volume panel, enter a valid directory volume. Click Next to continue. If you configured DNS successfully, the Permissions setting panel is displayed. Select Permissions compatible only with Windows or Windows Server The server will be rebooted as part of the process.
Global groups provide access to resources in other trusted domains. Universal groups grant access to resoures in all trusted domains. Adding one group as a member of another group is called 'group nesting'. This will help for easy administration and reduced replication traffic. A domain controller DC is a server that handles all the security requests from other computers and servers within the Windows Server domain there was a primary domain controller and a backup domain controller.
The primary DC focused on domain services only to avoid the possibility of a system slow down or crash due to overtasking from managing other functionality and security requests. In the event of a primary DC going down, a backup DC could be promoted and become the primary DC to keep the rest of the server systems functioning correctly. A domain is a set of network resources applications, printers, and so forth for a group of users.
The user needs only to log in to the domain to gain access to the resources, which may be located on a number of different servers in the network. The domain is simply your computer address not to confuse with an URL. A domain address might look something like A collection of one or more Active Directory domains that share a common schema, configuration, and global catalog. The Active Directory Global Catalog is the central storage of information about objects in an Active Directory forest.
Are you looking for your dream job as a Windows Server Administrator? I have no doubt on your windows server administration skills but most of the times people with good experience and a high skill also fails to pass the interview for Windows Server Administrator because of the kind of windows server interview questions asked by the interviewers. In this article, I would discuss with you some of the most commonly asked windows interview questions by the interviewer for Windows Server Administrator positions. The windows admin interview questions asked ranges from the simple to the complexed ones. Here are some of the most common windows server administrator interview questions you should prepare to do well in the interview. Irrespective of the assembly approach is evacuated or changed, the preference of the client will currently be kept in the registry. Active Directory is an organization of the inventory in a library to gather objects such as computers, customer profiles, etc.
What is the purpose of having AD? Answer: Active directory is a directory service that identifies all resources on a network and makes that information available to users and services. The Main purpose of AD is to control and authenticate network resources. Explain about sysvol folder? Answer: The sysvol folder stores the server's copy of the domain's public files.
Interview Guides Operating System Windows. Microsoft Windows Interview Questions and Answers will guide you about the preparation of any job. Because today every job requires the windows or any other operating system basic knowledge. WEB EDITION: To position windows server more competitively against other web servers, Microsoft has released a stripped-down-yet-impressive edition of windows server designed specially for web services. It provides unlimited anonymous web connections but only 10 inbound server message block SMB connections, which should be more than enough for content publishing. The server cannot be an internet gateway, DHCP or fax server. Although you can remotely administer the server with Remote Desktop, the server can not be a terminal server in the traditional sense.
There are a lot of opportunities from many reputed companies in the world. If you want to enrich your career and become a professional in ATG System Administrator , then visit Mindmajix - a global online training platform: " ATG System Administrator Training " This course will help you to achieve excellence in this domain. Ans: It is basically a server with the help of which the users can simply make sure of accessing the resources through the name of the nodes in the network than using the IP. It can be configured in the system for keeping a track record of IP addresses and node names.
NTFS is the current file system used by Windows. It offers features like security permissions to limit other users' access to folders , quotas so one user can't fill up the disk , shadowing backing up and many other features that help Windows. VOIP - Short for Voice Over Internet Protocol, a category of hardware and software that enables people to use the Internet as the transmission medium for telephone calls by sending voice data in packets using IP rather than by traditional circuit transmissions. Loopback address is
Technical skills matter a lot in systems administrator jobs. Thus, many of your interview questions should deal with assessing candidates' hard skills, and this question covers several areas of required knowledge. Look for:. It could be a system overload or flapping, among other issues.
Explain three main features of Active Directory? Active Directory enables single sign on to access resources on the network such as desktops, shared files, printers etc. Active Directory provides advanced security for the entire network and network resources. Active Directory is more scalable and flexible for administration. What do you mean by Active Directory functional levels?
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