File Name: g s ghurye caste and race in india .zip
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Every society is stratified. But it differs from society to society Stratification or classification of Indian Hindu society is based on caste system. The caste system appears to be the most significant feature of the Hindu society. In some societies this stratification system is based on the principle of achievement and in the other societies it is based on the principle of ascription.
According to him caste originated from race and occupation stabilised it. According to GS Gurye caste is product of various historical processes, adapting to demand of time and therefore a dynamic institution. Under Caste System society is divided into several small social groups called castes. Additionally, there are multiple divisions and subdivisions of caste system. The membership is ascribed in character, i. The members of every division have fixed status, roles and tasks. There are also a set of moral ethics , obligations and justification value behind these roles.
This chapter examines the politics of sociological knowledge by focusing on the views of G. Ghurye, the most influential Indian academic to write about Indian sociology during the colonial period. Ghurye made important contributions to our understanding of caste, race, and tribal identities, and shows relentless commitment to building the research capacity and relevance of Indian social science. He was also the first anthropologist to study the dangerous effects of colonial discourse and colonial institutions on the fundamental institutions of Indian society. In his canonic work, Caste and Race in India , Ghurye was especially concerned to evaluate the claims of the colonial state's anthropologist, H. Risley, about the racial origins of caste. The book analyzes Ghurye's critique of colonial anthropology and the racial theories of Risley.
Caste system is also a form of social stratification which based on religious beliefs. The study found that the caste system of Hinduism has an influence on Muslims in India. Since the majority of Muslims in India are those whose ancestors had converted to Islam during the Muslim Empire's rule in the Middle Ages, then they brought the idea of caste in to practice though caste is prohibited in Islamic doctrine. However, the caste system in Muslim societies is less strict and complex than the Hindu caste system because the caste system in Muslims is a form of social stratification and duty in society not related to religious teachings. The caste system in Indian Muslim society has existed because it conforms to the general social structure of India. The Muslim ruling class in the Middle Ages benefited from the concept of caste, which can organize and duty for people of all religions, as well as to strengthen the power of the guardians. You may request permission to use the copyright materials on this website by writing to journalphilrecmu gmail.
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Ghurye was born on 12 December , at Malvan , in present-day Maharashtra. Sanskrit and M. Sanskrit degrees from there.
Cambridge educated G. Ghurye was the foundational figure of Indian sociology. Ghurye's initial training was in Sanskrit , and it was only after attending Geddes' lectures at Bombay and being selected for a scholarship that he went to England where he studied anthropology at Cambridge under Rivers and Haddon He took over as Head of Department of the Department of Sociology in Mumbai University in and wrote prolifically about all sociological issues in India.
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