File Name: types of camera lenses and their uses .zip
There exists not just a range of focal lengths, from the super-wide to the super-long, but even several variations on a single focal length, not to mention zoom lenses of all kinds. In this helpful video, brought to us by Pentax, professional travel photographer Kerrick James explains the basics things every beginner needs to know about camera lenses:.
It breaks down the different types of lenses you can get, the variations you can find within that, along with suggestions for when you would use each one. Standard lenses have a mid-range focal length, somewhere around 50mm - but really anything between 40mm and 60mm.
The most common focal length is the one that falls slap bang in the middle of that - the 50mm. Some concrete examples would be:. Telephoto lenses have a LONGER focal length, and they magnify the subject, allowing you to take photos of subjects that are farther away.
Because they can be quite cramped indoors, you are best to use a telephoto lens outside, especially when you have some distance between you and your subject.
They are also incredibly flattering for portraits, as they slim down the face ever so slightly, and give great background blur, helping separate your subject from the background. You know those images that look like their subject is "popping" off the background?
That's usually down to using a telephoto. So here are some areas where a telephoto lens is damn useful:. As the focal length goes up, so does the weight and size of the lens, so at the far end of the super telephoto range, you are going to need to use a tripod, or seriously increase your gym workouts. As a result, they are not that great for going on a long walkabout with, as they can get really heavy very quickly, and they can be cumbersome - especially if you have a zoom telephoto.
Wide angle lenses are the exact opposite of telephoto lenses, as with these you can fit MORE into the frame than a standard lens - in other words, everything looks zoomed out. The focal length for a wide angle is pretty much anything below 40mm. The smaller that focal length number, the more you will be able to fit into the frame, but also keep in mind that the more you fit in the frame, the more distortion you are likely to get.
Also, any lens with a focal length less than 20mm is generally referred to as a fisheye lens, which gives you an almost degree field of vision making it look like you are taking an image from inside a fishbowl - hence the term!
Anytimes when you need to fit more into the frame - so cramped interiors, or large group shots, or to include a whole landscape. They also help you give a more inclusive feel to an image - in other words where you want the viewer to feel as if they were standing right in the scene when they look at the photo. Some concrete examples of when you might want to use a wide angle:.
As a general rule, if you go for a prime lens for your wide angle lens, they are also fairly small and lightweight, so they make a great walkabout lens. This guide gives you example images from different lenses, and details which focal lengths you should use for different types of lifestyle, portrait and documentary photos, so you know exactly which lenses might suit the job. Go here to grab it! Macro lenses are for close up photography. They have a ratio, which basically means they can capture your subject at life size magnification.
My macro lens gets used for both in equal measures making it a good all round purchase or so I keep telling my husband. Detail photography eg ring shots if you shoot weddings.
Once you have an idea of the focal ranges of the different types of camera lenses, you then need to decide whether you are going for a fixed prime lens, or a zoom lens. Primes lenses are those that have a fixed focal length such as 35mm, 50mm, 85mm, mm and so on.
They do not zoom in or out, so you have to physically move yourself closer or farther away from your subject. They generally can shoot a lower apertures, such as F1.
Finally, prime lenses tend to give you sharper images, and better overall image quality than zoom lenses. Zooms allow you to change through the whole focal range of the lens, just by turning the barrel, so you can zoom in and out to fill more or less of the screen.
You can get either get a variable aperture zoom, where the maximum aperture will change whether you are zoomed in or out, or fixed aperture zoom lenses, where you can stay at the same aperture throughout the focal range.
The benefits of a zoom is simply that you can get multiple focal lengths in one handy dandy lens! The downsides is that they tend to more expensive, heavier to carry, and don't have quite the same image quality as you get from primes. As you can see there are pros and cons to both primes and zooms, so to get a better idea of which is best for you, cast your eye over this earlier post Zooms vs Primes to get more explanation of the differences between the two, and what to think about when making your decision.
So there you have it, 6 different types of camera lenses, and when you would use each one! I also have a few more resources for you that I think you will find incredibly helpful:. Which camera lens is right for you? What do the numbers on the lens mean? Focal length Comparison. In the comments below, answer one or both of these questions:. First, which of these focal lengths do you find yourself hankering after, and why?
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So, when would you use a standard lens? So here are some areas where a telephoto lens is damn useful: Portrait Photography particularly mid-range telephoto Wildlife photography Sports Photography Astronomy Where you want dreamy background blur As the focal length goes up, so does the weight and size of the lens, so at the far end of the super telephoto range, you are going to need to use a tripod, or seriously increase your gym workouts.
When would you use a wide angle lens? I also have a few more resources for you that I think you will find incredibly helpful: Which camera lens is right for you? In the comments below, answer one or both of these questions: First, which of these focal lengths do you find yourself hankering after, and why? Second, what do you prefer to use - a zoom or a prime? What do the numbers on a camera lens mean?
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Shorter focal length lenses provide a wider field of view but offer less magnification. Conversely, longer focal lengths provide a shorter field of view but provide greater magnification. The focal length of a lens is usually displayed on the lens barrel, along with the size of the adaptor ring. The lower the maximum aperture value will indicate the quality of the lens in terms of brightness. High quality zoom lenses deliver a constant f-stop throughout the focal range i. A lens with a low f-number wide maximum aperture , is a better quality lens and allows you to do more with it.
It breaks down the different types of lenses you can get, the variations you can find within that, along with suggestions for when you would use each one. Standard lenses have a mid-range focal length, somewhere around 50mm - but really anything between 40mm and 60mm. The most common focal length is the one that falls slap bang in the middle of that - the 50mm. Some concrete examples would be:. Telephoto lenses have a LONGER focal length, and they magnify the subject, allowing you to take photos of subjects that are farther away. Because they can be quite cramped indoors, you are best to use a telephoto lens outside, especially when you have some distance between you and your subject. They are also incredibly flattering for portraits, as they slim down the face ever so slightly, and give great background blur, helping separate your subject from the background.
different camera lenses and There are four basic types of lenses, they are: •Normal Normal lens. • This lens is called “normal” because it has little if.
F inding the right lens for your camera can vastly improve your images and overall production. But learning what you need to know about video and photo camera lenses can be expensive and time-consuming. In this article, we explain the different types of camera lenses so that you can understand which lens, or set of lenses, will be the best option moving forward. Subscribe for more filmmaking videos like this.
Answering the question is something of a minefield as each digital camera manufacturer offers a large range of lenses of different qualities and budgets. What follows below is an attempt to unpack the different types of lenses that most manufacturers offer in the DSLR market. Standard Lenses — this is a term that seems to be disappearing a little from terminology.
All photographers know what a camera lens is. It lets us view and capture our environment. Some photographers find that the lens is more important than the camera. Others believe that the camera body functions and limitations are more important.
The truth is, many lenses are expensive, so we often choose a type of photography and then pick a few lenses that work with our vision. It can be useful to try different types of camera lenses for different perspectives and compositions. We are going to break down all the lenses you have when it comes to expanding your normal lens arsenal! Kit lenses are excellent companions for general-purpose photography because they rarely come in a focal length longer than mm. This type of lens is inexpensive and may even come as a complementary lens for your camera purchase. This lens is light and more compact than other camera lenses, making it perfect for photographers who are still in the early stages of photography. However, it is not very fast nor incredibly sharp, unlike other quality camera lenses.
the background and the foreground both increase at a rate directly proportional to the lens focal length. Page 4. Different Lens Types change the angle of view.
A camera lens also known as photographic lens or photographic objective is an optical lens or assembly of lenses used in conjunction with a camera body and mechanism to make images of objects either on photographic film or on other media capable of storing an image chemically or electronically. There is no major difference in principle between a lens used for a still camera , a video camera , a telescope , a microscope , or other apparatus, but the details of design and construction are different. A lens might be permanently fixed to a camera, or it might be interchangeable with lenses of different focal lengths , apertures , and other properties. While in principle a simple convex lens will suffice, in practice a compound lens made up of a number of optical lens elements is required to correct as much as possible the many optical aberrations that arise. Some aberrations will be present in any lens system. It is the job of the lens designer to balance these and produce a design that is suitable for photographic use and possibly mass production.
These pictures show how the different focal lengths will affect your image. If you want to shoot with just one prime lens, this may be the one to have.
Lenses are one of the most important considerations in photography. The lens you choose for each shot can dramatically change your results; its best to know how all the types work so you can make more informed decisions as a photographer in various situations. Wide angle lenses, are identified by the bulbous shape to the glass front of the lens. They are loved by landscape photographers the world over. A good lens should include high quality glass, have a low corner distortion rate, where a falloff in sharpness in the corners is minimal, and versatile features such as Image Stabilization IS.
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photography tutorial outlines some important qualities of different lenses, and Choosing a lens is often more difficult then choosing a camera when it comes to macro lens doesn't mean it can only be used for that type of photography.