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*This is a glossary of common mathematical terms used in arithmetic, geometry, algebra, and statistics.*

*A definition is a statement of the meaning of a term a word , phrase , or other set of symbols.*

Account Options Sign in. Top charts. New releases. Add to Wishlist. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics provides jargon-free definitions for over 3, of even the most technical mathematical terms. This dictionary covers all commonly encountered terms and concepts from pure and applied mathematics and statistics, such as linear algebra, optimization, nonlinear equations, and differential equations. In addition, there are entries on major mathematicians and topics of more general interest, such as fractals, game theory, and chaos.

This is not a comprehensive dictionary of mathematical terms, just a quick reference for some of the terms commonly used in this website. Bayesian probability: a popular interpretation of probability which evaluates the probability of a hypothesis by specifying some prior probability, and then updating in the light of new relevant data. Boolean algebra or logic: a type of algebra which can be applied to the solution of logical problems and mathematical functions, in which the variables are logical rather than numerical, and in which the only operators are AND, OR and NOT. Cartesian coordinates: a pair of numerical coordinates which specify the position of a point on a plane based on its distance from the the two fixed perpendicular axes which, with their positive and negative values, split the plane up into four quadrants. Diophantine equation: a polynomial equation with integer coefficients that also allows the variables and solutions to be integers only. Fermat primes: prime numbers that are one more than a power of 2 and where the exponent is itself a power of 2 , e.

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An intuitive way of looking at absolute value is to consider that the absolute value of a real number is its distance from zero on the number line. For example:. Additive strategies are techniques used to solve addition problems from known facts.

The language of mathematics has a vast vocabulary of specialist and technical terms. It also has a certain amount of jargon : commonly used phrases which are part of the culture of mathematics, rather than of the subject. Jargon often appears in lectures, and sometimes in print, as informal shorthand for rigorous arguments or precise ideas. Much of this is common English, but with a specific non-obvious meaning when used in a mathematical sense. There are two canonical proofs that are always used to show non-mathematicians what a mathematical proof is like:.

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GLOSSARY AND EXAMPLES OF MATHEMATICS TERMS. Acute triangle. A triangle with all acute angles (acute means measuring less than 90°).