definition of economic growth and economic development pdf Thursday, March 11, 2021 3:18:15 AM

Definition Of Economic Growth And Economic Development Pdf

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Readers Question: What is the difference between growth and development? Can a country experience economic growth without development? Economic growth measures an increase in Real GDP real output. It basically measures the total volume of goods and services produced in an economy. Development looks at a wider range of statistics than just GDP per capita.

Difference between economic growth and development

Although the term is often used in discussions of short-term economic performance, in the context of economic theory it generally refers to an increase in wealth over an extended period. Growth can best be described as a process of transformation. Whether one examines an economy that is already modern and industrialized or an economy at an earlier stage of development, one finds that the process of growth is uneven and unbalanced. Economic historians have attempted to develop a theory of stages through which each economy must pass as it grows. Early writers, given to metaphor , often stressed the resemblance between the evolutionary character of economic development and human life—e. Later writers, such as the Australian economist Colin Clark, have stressed the dominance of different sectors of an economy at different stages of its development and modernization. For Clark, development is a process of successive domination by primary agriculture , secondary manufacturing , and tertiary trade and service production.

Economic Growth and Development: Is High GDP Enough?

We have started our discussion of development by addressing very broad issues relating to the concept of development. However, much of the literature and thinking about 'development' focuses on economics. Indeed 'development' and 'economic development' have often been treated as synonymous concepts. The economic development of a country or society is usually associated with amongst other things rising incomes and related increases in consumption , savings, and investment. Of course, there is far more to economic development than income growth; for if income distribution is highly skewed, growth may not be accompanied by much progress towards the goals that are usually associated with economic development. What characteristics are typically associated with economic development?

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Economic growth is an increase in the production of goods and services over a specific period. To be most accurate, the measurement must remove the effects of inflation. Economic growth creates more profit for businesses. As a result, stock prices rise. As more jobs are created, incomes rise. Consumers have more money to buy additional products and services.

is the continuing increase in the volume of production in one country, ie. GDP.

Economic Growth

Cross-country empirical analyses, in combination with micro-level studies, provide strong support for the overwhelming importance of institutions in predicting the level of development in countries around the world Hall and Jones, ; Acemoglu, Johnson and Robinson, Protection of property rights, effective law enforcement, and efficient bureaucracies, together with a broad range of norms and civic mores, are found to be strongly correlated to better economic performance over time. This essay aims to explain why institutions are important to economic development and to provide evidence for the arguments made. It argues that institutions support economic development through four broad channels: determining the costs of economic transactions, determining the degree of appropriability of return to investment, determining the level for oppression and expropriation, and determining the degree to which the environment is conducive to cooperation and increased social capital. Evidence is derived from the literature, from comparison of countries, and from examples at the micro level.

It can be measured as a percentage increase in real gross domestic product. Where a gross domestic product GDP is adjusted by inflation. Watch our Demo Courses and Videos. Economic Development is the process focusing on both qualitative and quantitative growth of the economy. It measures all the aspects which include people in a country become wealthier, healthier, better educated, and have greater access to good quality housing.


We repeat here the notes from module 1. You need to make sure that you have a clear understanding of the differences between economic growth and development. This occurs where there is an increase in the productive potential of the economy and is best measured by the increase in a country's real level of output over a period of time, i. Economic development, on the other hand, is a process where there is improvement in the lives of all people in the country. This involves not only living standards, such as greater availability of goods and services and also the ability to purchase them but also the promotion of attributes such as self-esteem, dignity and respect, and the enlarging of people's freedom to choose and to take control of their own lives. While a country may grow richer therefore, through the growth of its real output, it does not necessarily mean that it will develop.

Economic growth can be defined as the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time. Statisticians conventionally measure such growth as the percent rate of increase in real gross domestic product , or real GDP. Growth is usually calculated in real terms — i. Measurement of economic growth uses national income accounting. The economic growth-rates of countries are commonly compared [ by whom?


Unit 1 Conceptualising Development