File Name: difference between disease and disorder .zip
They may misinterpret typical body functions as signs of illness. Their persistent health worries can interfere with their relationships, careers and life. You may be more familiar with the term hypochondria or health anxiety. Healthcare providers now use the term illness anxiety disorder. Their fears are very real to them.
Which of these sentences is correct? As it happens, the first is an actual quote H. However, the question remains: What are the differences, if any, between disease and disorder? For that matter, where does the often-used condition fit in? While these terms are frequently used interchangeably, differences between them do exist and can assist the person wishing to use them in more specific senses.
Disease , any harmful deviation from the normal structural or functional state of an organism, generally associated with certain signs and symptoms and differing in nature from physical injury. A diseased organism commonly exhibits signs or symptoms indicative of its abnormal state. Thus, the normal condition of an organism must be understood in order to recognize the hallmarks of disease. Nevertheless, a sharp demarcation between disease and health is not always apparent. The study of disease is called pathology. It involves the determination of the cause etiology of the disease, the understanding of the mechanisms of its development pathogenesis , the structural changes associated with the disease process morphological changes , and the functional consequences of those changes. Correctly identifying the cause of a disease is necessary to identifying the proper course of treatment.
A label leads to a loss of information and overlooks the uniqueness of the person being studied or treated. While such simplification may be useful depending on the purpose of the classification system, the classified individual may be stigmatized. DSM represents a categorical classification or a "yes-no" approach to classification, and does not take into account the continuity between normal and abnormal behavior i. Consequences of unreliable and invalid diagnoses are severe and include not only stigma but financial expenses. In this reaction the anxiety is associated with the persistence of unwanted ideas and of repetitive impulses to perform acts which may be considered morbid by the patient. The patient himself may regard his ideas and behavior as unreasonable, but nevertheless is compelled to carry out his rituals. The diagnosis will specify the symptomatic expression of such reactions, as touching, counting, ceremonials, hand-washing, or recurring thoughts accompanied often by a compulsion to repetitive action.
Because differences are our greatest strength. We often hear the words speech and language used interchangeably. But in the medical community, they have very different meanings. Speech refers to the actual sound of spoken language. Speech is talking : using the muscles of the tongue, lips, jaw, and vocal tract in a very precise and coordinated way to produce the recognizable sounds that make up language.
A disease is a particular abnormal condition that negatively affects the structure or function of all or part of an organism, and that is not due to any immediate external injury. A disease may be caused by external factors such as pathogens or by internal dysfunctions. For example, internal dysfunctions of the immune system can produce a variety of different diseases, including various forms of immunodeficiency , hypersensitivity , allergies and autoimmune disorders. In humans, disease is often used more broadly to refer to any condition that causes pain , dysfunction , distress , social problems , or death to the person afflicted, or similar problems for those in contact with the person. In this broader sense, it sometimes includes injuries , disabilities , disorders , syndromes , infections , isolated symptoms , deviant behaviors , and atypical variations of structure and function, while in other contexts and for other purposes these may be considered distinguishable categories.
When a doctor suspects you have an autoimmune disease such as rheumatoid arthritis RA , you may hear them speak about your symptoms and diagnosis in various terms such as disease, disorder, syndrome, and condition. While these terms may seem interchangeable, they all refer to specific states of health. Symptom, syndrome, disorder, disease are all terms used as a hierarchy to classify how our health is affected. The symptoms are the first things we notice that indicate there might be a problem.
Learn what a disease is and how it differs from a disorder, syndrome or condition. One of the original definitions of a disease was published in the British Medical Journal as early as Today, doctors treat and diagnose a disease based on abnormalities in systemic functions — for example, cardiovascular disease. These abnormalities can cause both physical and emotional signs and symptoms, as well as pain, dysfunction, distress, social problems or death. Want to become a health writer?