File Name: causes and effects of global warming and climate change .zip
The effects of climate change span the physical environment , ecosystems and human societies. It also includes the economic and social changes which stem from living in a warmer world. Human-caused climate change is one of the threats to sustainability.
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Jump to navigation. And yes, it's really happening. Over the past 50 years, the average global temperature has increased at the fastest rate in recorded history.
During the course of global warming, the energy balance and thus the temperature of the earth change, due to the increased concentration of greenhouse gases, which has a significant impact on humans and the environment. It is not scientifically possible to assign individual weather events to the current climate change, however, it can be statistically proven that global warming will increase the probability of extreme weather events. The indirect consequences of climate change, which directly affect us humans and our environment, include:. As the global climate is a highly interconnected system that is influenced by many different factors, the consequences usually result in positive or negative feedback effects. This refers to developments that are self-enhancing due to the occurrence of certain conditions.
Global climate change has typically occurred very slowly over thousands or millions of years. However, research shows that the current climate is changing more rapidly than shown in geological records. During the last ice age, the British Isles had many glaciers like the example above, located in present-day Iceland. The energy output of the Sun is not constant, it varies over time and this has an impact on our climate. The period between these changes happen over 10s of s of years precession and axial tilt to more than s of s of years eccentricity. At other times, the ellipse is more pronounced so that the Earth moves closer and further away from the Sun as it orbits.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Climate change poses significant risks for a wide range of human and natural systems. Although the scientific process is always open to new ideas and results, the fundamental causes and consequences of climate change have been established by many years of scientific research, 1 are supported by many different lines of evidence, and have stood firm in the face of careful examination, repeated testing, and the rigorous evaluation of alternative theories and explanations. This chapter provides a brief overview of some basic facts about the risks posed by climate change see Box 2.
The effects of climate change on humans are far reaching and include effects on health, environment, displacement and migration , security, society, human settlement , energy, and transport. Climate change has brought about possibly irreversible alterations to Earth's geological, biological, and ecological systems. A growing body of research explores the many impacts of climate change on human health, food supply, economic growth , migration , security, societal change, and public goods , such as drinking water. The consequences of these changes can help or hurt local human populations. For example, climatic changes in Siberia are expected to improve food production and local economic activity in the short to medium term. However, Bangladesh has experienced an increase in climate-sensitive diseases; such as malaria, dengue, childhood diarrhea, and pneumonia, among vulnerable communities.
NASA is a world leader in climate studies and Earth science. While its role is not to set climate policy or prescribe particular responses or solutions to climate change, its purview does include providing the robust scientific data needed to understand climate change. NASA then makes this information available to the global community — the public, policy- and decision-makers and scientific and planning agencies around the world. Climate change is one of the most complex issues facing us today. It involves many dimensions — science, economics, society, politics and moral and ethical questions — and is a global problem, felt on local scales, that will be around for decades and centuries to come. Carbon dioxide, the heat-trapping greenhouse gas that has driven recent global warming, lingers in the atmosphere for hundreds of years, and the planet especially the oceans takes a while to respond to warming. So even if we stopped emitting all greenhouse gases today, global warming and climate change will continue to affect future generations.
and diseases. Keywords: Causes, climate change, evidence, global warming, impacts, parasitology/entomology. 1. increase in global temperatures is causing diseases and vec- (UNFCCC) (PDF), Sixth compilation and synthesis of initial.
What is climate change? Is it the same as global warming? What are its main causes and consequences? Is it a lie?
Climate change, also called global warming, refers to the rise in average surface temperatures on Earth. An overwhelming scientific consensus maintains that climate change is due primarily to the human use of fossil fuels, which releases carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the air. The gases trap heat within the atmosphere, which can have a range of effects on ecosystems, including rising sea levels, severe weather events, and droughts that render landscapes more susceptible to wildfires. There is broad-based agreement within the scientific community that climate change is real. The U.
The burning of these fuels produces gases like carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxides which lead to global warming. Deforestation is also leading to warmer temperatures. The hazard of global warming is continuously causing major damage to the Earth's environment.Ava W. 22.03.2021 at 20:04
PDF | According to NASA and IPCC, Global temperature has increased by oF since , CO2 levels has reached parts per billion.Sabine G. 23.03.2021 at 02:26
Climate change deniers have argued that there has been a “pause” or a “slowdown” in rising global temperatures, but several recent studies.Malagigi D. 23.03.2021 at 18:38
reduce the magnitude of climate change and how to adapt to its impacts. This booklet serves IPCC, Global Warming of °C [icel3.org].