File Name: implications of cognitive theory in teaching and learning .zip
So what are educational learning theories and how can we use them in our teaching practice? There are so many out there, how do we know which are still relevant and which will work for our classes?
Cognitive Learning Theory explains how we process information when we learn.
Learning theory describes how students receive, process, and retain knowledge during learning. Cognitive, emotional, and environmental influences, as well as prior experience, all play a part in how understanding, or a world view, is acquired or changed and knowledge and skills retained. Behaviorists look at learning as an aspect of conditioning and advocate a system of rewards and targets in education.
Cognitive Learning is a type of learning that is active , constructive , and long-lasting. It engages students in the learning processes, teaching them to use their brains more effectively to make connections when learning new things. This style of learning is a powerful alternative to the traditional classroom approach. Instead of focusing on memorization, cognitive learning builds on past knowledge. Students learn to make connections and reflect on the material—skills that help them become better learners. Building cognitive learning skills teaches students how to learn more effectively. Students learn to do more than repeat what they have learned.
In this paper the concept of teacher development is well examined, and theories pertaining to it are also linked to. There are some important terms that need clarification and defining before the concept is explored in deep. The reasons why some terms are worth clarifying is the need for shared understanding. The absence of shared common understanding threatens construct validity, and difficulty in identifying teacher development process. Development is a process that involves change from a primitive state to a more advanced one. The United Nations Development Programme uses a more detailed definition and according to them development is to lead long and healthy lives, to be knowledgeable, to have access to the resources needed for a decent standard of living and to be able to participate in the life of the community.
No two students are alike, and the way every person learns will vary. Our brains are all unique, and our experiences all contribute to the different ways we learn. Psychologists have spent countless hours performing tests to better understand how students learn. Current and aspiring teachers need to have education to be prepared for teaching students every day.