File Name: history of trinidad and tobago .zip
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It is situated between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela, with a total land area of 1, square miles 5, square sq km. Trinidad, the larger island, comprises 1, square miles. It is seven miles 11 kilometres at the nearest point from the Venezuelan coast, from which it is separated by the Gulf of Paria and two narrow channels, where there are several small islands and rocks. Tobago, the smaller island, with an area of about square miles, lies in the Atlantic 19 miles to the northeast of Trinidad. In the country's population was estimated at slightly less than 1,, inhabitants.
The history of Trinidad and Tobago begins with the settlements of the islands by Amerindians , specifically the Island Carib and Arawak peoples. Both islands were visited by Christopher Columbus on his third voyage in and claimed in the name of Spain. Trinidad remained in Spanish hands until , but it was largely settled by French colonists. Tobago changed hands between the British , French , Dutch , and Courlanders , but eventually ended up in British hands following the second Treaty of Paris In the two islands were incorporated into a single crown colony.
When Christopher Columbus reached Trinidad in on his third voyage, the island was inhabited by Arawakan-speaking tribal groups originally from the Orinoco River delta region and a smaller number of Cariban speakers. In the 16th century many of these Trinidadian Indians were captured by Spanish slave traders and sent to work in other Spanish possessions, but there was no effective Spanish presence on the island until Even after the development of the island proceeded slowly. Few Spaniards immigrated to Trinidad; only a handful of African slaves were imported; and there was little production or export.
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Spain received the island of Trinidad as part of the fief of Christopher Columbus and controlled the island for nearly years see The European Settlements, ch. The Spaniards subdued and enslaved the native Caribs and Arawaks but until the late s paid little attention to Trinidad as other ventures were more profitable. As a result, Trinidad's population was only 2, in Amerindians composed 74 percent of that total 2, Although African slaves were first imported in , they constituted only 11 percent of the population in
Englands's connection to both islands can be traced back to the Sixteenth Century when she challenged Spain for influence and control in the New World. She was unsuccessful in hanging on to either of the islands as they passed into rival European power control for much of the next two centuries. Trinidad had been discovered by Columbus on behalf of the Spanish in and Tobago in Despite their proximity, the two islands of Trinidad and Tobago had very different histories, one with a heavy Dutch and French influence and the other a Spanish influence before the British definitively took them both during the Napoleonic Wars.
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The island of Trinidad was inhabited for centuries by native Amerindian peoples before becoming a colony in the Spanish Empire , following the arrival of Christopher Columbus inLiz B. 25.03.2021 at 15:12
PDF | Trinidad and Tobago offers the world a unique heritage of neotropical South Amer-ican and Caribbean flora and fauna, including more than bird.Lucille S. 29.03.2021 at 20:30
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