File Name: divine constitution and bylaws .zip
These laws are to be strictly preserved by the members of all the Temples, of the Moorish Science Temple of America.
Sources of law are the origins of laws , the binding rules that enable any state to govern its territory. The term "source of law" may sometimes refer to the sovereign or to the seat of power from which the law derives its validity.
The perceived authenticity of a source of law may rely on a choice of jurisprudence analysis. Tyrants such as Kim Jong-un may wield De facto power, [note 1] but critics would say he does not exercise power from a de jure or legitimate source. After WWII it was not a valid defence at Nuremberg to say "I was only obeying orders", and the victors hanged Nazis for breaching " universal and eternal standards of right and wrong".
Over decades and centuries, principles of law have been derived from customs. The divine right of kings , natural and legal rights , human rights , civil rights , and common law are early unwritten sources of law. Canon law and other forms of religious law form the basis for law derived from religious practices and doctrines or from sacred texts; this source of law is important where there is a state religion.
Historical or judicial precedent and case law can modify or even create a source of law. Legislation , rules, and regulations are form the tangible source of laws which are codified and enforceable.
Civil law systems often absorb ideas from the common law [note 3] and vice-versa. Scotland, for instance, has a hybrid form of law, as does South Africa, whose law in an amalgam of common law, civil law and tribal law.
A state may comply with international law, it may have a written or federal constitution, or it may have regional legislature, but normally it is the central national legislature that is the ultimate source of law. While a written constitution may seem to be the prime source of law, the state legislature may amend its constitution provided certain rules are followed.
International law may take precedence over national law, but international law is mainly made up of conventions and treaties that have been ratified; and anything that can be ratified may be denounced later by the national parliament.
In England, the archetypal common law country, there is a hierarchy of sources, as follows: . Governments may sign International Conventions and Treaties; but these normally  become binding only when they are ratified. Most conventions come into force only when a stated number of signatories have ratified the final text. The European Union is special example of international law. European nations that join the EU thereby adopt all EC Law to date the acquis communautaire , namely: treaty provisions, regulations, directives, decisions, and precedents.
Legislation is the prime source of law. Legislation can have many purposes: to regulate, to authorize, to enable, to proscribe, to provide funds, to sanction, to grant, to declare or to restrict. A parliamentary legislature frames new laws, such as Acts of Parliament , and amends or repeals old laws. The legislature may delegate law-making powers to lower bodies. Delegated legislation may be open to challenge for irregularity of process; and the legislature usually has the right to withdraw delegated powers if it sees fit.
Most legislatures have their powers restricted by the nation's Constitution, and Montesquieu 's theory of the separation of powers typically restricts a legislature's powers to legislation.
Similarly, although parliaments have the power to legislate, it is usually the executive   who decides on the legislative programmed. The procedure is usually that a bill is introduced to Parliament, and after the required number of readings, committee stages and amendments, the bill gains approval  and becomes an Act. Judicial precedent aka: case law, or judge-made law is based on the doctrine of stare decisive , and mostly associated with jurisdictions based on the English common law , but the concept has been adopted in part by Civil Law systems.
Precedent is the accumulated principles of law derived from centuries of decisions. Judgements passed by judges in important cases are recorded and become significant source of law. When there is no legislature on a particular point which arises in changing conditions, the judges depend on their own sense of right and wrong and decide the disputes from first principles.
Authoritative precedent decisions become a guide in subsequent cases of a similar nature. The dictionary of English law defines a judicial precedent as a judgement or decision of a court of law cited as an authority for deciding a similar state of fact in the same manner or on the same principle or by analogy.
Another definition  declares precedent to be," a decision in a court of justice cited in support of a proposition for which it is desired to contend". Compared to other sources of law, precedent has the advantage of flexibility and adaptability, and may enable a judge to apply "justice" rather than "the law".
Equity is a source of law peculiar to England and Wales. Equity is the case law developed by the now defunct Court of Chancery. Parliamentary Conventions are not strict rules of law, but their breach may lead to breach of law.
They typically are found within the English legal system, and they help compensate for the UK's lack of a single written constitution. Typically, parliamentary conventions govern relationships, such as that between the House of Lords and the House of Commons ; between the monarch and Parliament; and between Britain and its colonies.
For instance, after the Finance Act , the House of Lords lost its power to obstruct the passage of bills, and now may only delay them. The prerogative powers are subject to convention, and in , the monarch's power to dissolve Parliament was abolished. Britain's tradition with its colonies is that they are self-governing although, historically, rarely with universal suffrage , and that the mother-country should stay aloof. A "General Custom" as a source of law is not normally written, but if a practice can be shown to have existed for a very long time, such as " since time immemorial ' AD , it becomes a source of law.
A "Particular Custom" or "private custom" may arise and become a right with the force of law when a person, or a group of persons has from long usage obtained a recognized usage, such as an easement. Up until the 20th century, English judges felt able to examine certain "books of authority" for guidance, and both Coke and Blackstone were frequently cited. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with The Sources of English Law. Main article: Sources of international law.
Goltzberg, Stefan Les Sources du droit. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. Category Index Outline Portal. Categories : Sources of law. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version.
Act 1. Act 2. Friday is our Holy Day of rest, because on a Friday the first man was formed in flesh and on a Friday the first man departed out of flesh and ascended unto his father God Allah; for that cause Friday is the Holy day for all Moslems all over the world. Act 3. No member is to put in danger or accuse falsely his brother or sister on any occasion at all that may harm his brother or sister, because Allah is Love. Act 4.
Divine constitution and bylaws pdf. With us all members must proclaim their nationality and we are teaching our people their nationality and their divine creed that they may know that they are a part and a parcel of this said government, and know that they are not Negroes, Colored Folks, Black People, or Ethiopians, because these names were given to slaves by slave. Act 4. Act 5. This document was created to establish the essential biblical doctrines and principles which guide the organizational structure and membership responsibilities of our church body. It does not contain every biblical principle related. Article II —.
Winners Chapel Church Constitution Pdf. Church Calendar. Religious organisation. Oyedepo has been seen as one of the pioneers of the Christian charismatic movement in Africa and has been referred to as one of the most powerful. After serving six months suspension which prohibited him in partaking in holy communion, sitting in front seat of any AG church talk more of altar or shaking.
A Constitution is the fundamental and organic law representing the Nation State and descendant character of recognized peoples. All lawful constitutions contain three basic components e. These 3 elements of organic law will be explained on the following page.
Email Address:. Blog at WordPress. Moorish Society. Moorish Society on FaceBook. His name was Noble Drew Ali.
In keeping with the love and veneration which the Church has ever had for the inspired word of God, and in obedience to the desires of the Holy See for a deeper study and a wider knowledge of the Sacred Scriptures, we, who are especially devoted to biblical studies, have united, under the patronage of Saint Jerome, to form this Association. As a religious, non-profit, scholarly organization the Association shall have the following mission:. Section 1: The Association, in fidelity to Dei Verbum, The Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation, seeks to devote itself to the scholarly study of the Bible and related disciplines, in conformity with the teaching of the Magisterium, especially as expressed in that Dogmatic Constitution: "The task of giving an authentic interpretation of the Word of God, whether in its written form or in the form of Tradition, has been entrusted to the living, teaching office of the Church alone. Its authority in this matter is exercised in the name of Jesus Christ" DV, Section 2: The Association affirms Dei Verbum and its teaching that the "Magisterium is not superior to the Word of God, but is its servant. It teaches only what has been handed on to it.
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This Divine. Covenant is from your Holy Prophet Noble Drew Ali, through the guidance of his Father God Allah. This pdf was produced and provided free of charge.Veredigna A. 16.03.2021 at 10:18
Sources of law are the origins of laws , the binding rules that enable any state to govern its territory.Stephan D. 18.03.2021 at 11:24
The Divine Constitution and By-Laws. Act 1.—The Grand Sheik and the chairman of the Moorish Science Temple of America is in power to.