File Name: lokpal and lokayukta bill 2011 in hindi.zip
The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, , commonly known as The Lokpal Act , is an anti-corruption Act of Indian Parliament in India which "seeks to provide for the establishment of the institution of Lokpal to inquire into allegations of corruption against certain important public functionaries including the Prime Minister , cabinet ministers , members of parliament , Group A officials of the Central Government and for matters connecting them". It was subsequently tabled in the Rajya Sabha on 29 December. After a marathon debate that stretched until midnight of the following day, the vote failed to take place for lack of time.
The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, , commonly known as The Lokpal Act , is an anti-corruption Act of Indian Parliament in India which "seeks to provide for the establishment of the institution of Lokpal to inquire into allegations of corruption against certain important public functionaries including the Prime Minister , cabinet ministers , members of parliament , Group A officials of the Central Government and for matters connecting them".
It was subsequently tabled in the Rajya Sabha on 29 December. After a marathon debate that stretched until midnight of the following day, the vote failed to take place for lack of time.
It was passed in the Rajya Sabha on 17 December after making certain amendments to the earlier Bill and in the Lok Sabha the next day. The Bill was introduced in the parliament following massive public protests led by anti-corruption crusader Anna Hazare and his associates. A recent survey estimated that corruption in India had cost billions of dollars and threatened to derail growth. The term Lokpal was coined in by Laxmi Mall Singhvi , a member of parliament during a parliamentary debate about grievance mechanisms.
In this report, ARC recommended the creation of two special authorities designated as 'Lokpal' and 'Lokayukta' for redress of citizens' grievances. The Lokpal bill was first introduced in the Lok Sabha in The version enacted in was from a draft prepared in The draft  was created by the United Progressive Alliance to create an Ombudsman tasked with tackling political corruption.
It provided a mechanism for filing complaints against the prime minister, ministers and MPs. Hazare started an indefinite hunger strike on 5 April to pressure the government to create an ombudsman with the power to deal with corruption in public places as envisaged in the Jan Lokpal Bill. The fast led to nationwide protests in support.
The fast ended on 9 April, one day after the government accepted his demands. A Joint Drafting Committee was established, consisting of five ministers and five members of the civil society. The Committee set 30 June as the deadline to complete the drafting process.
The Committee first met on 16 April , in the North Block and lasted for about ninety minutes. The meeting was allegedly recorded and the Committee claimed that decisions would be made available to the general public.
HRD Minister and Committee member Kapil Sibal, said that both the sides were keen that the new Bill should be introduced in the Monsoon session, which would begin early July. The Committee met as planned on 2 May The meeting was termed "very good" and with "no difference of opinion" between the panel members.
Prashant Bhushan said, "The meeting was mainly to discuss the basic principles behind the Jan Lokpal Bill. The discussion was on essential features, objects and reasons of the bill which have been prepared according to the main provisions of the UN Convention against Corruption. All signatories of the United Nations Convention against Corruption have to pass this kind of law. After the third meeting on 7 May , Bhushan said "Lokpal will have powers to initiate investigation and prosecution and will not need permission from the government.
The model on which the financial independence will be based is yet to be decided. Various models were discussed, including from other countries and of institutions like the Supreme Court , the Comptroller and Auditor General and the Central Vigilance Commission.
Kapil Sibal said the meeting was "exceptionally constructive" and added, "The approach was very constructive. There were areas of broad agreement, including the process of appointment of Lokpal which should be transparent. Under the banner of the "National Campaign for People's Right to Information" NCPRI  they claimed that Anna's diktat could be dangerous and that the government's functioning could not be handled by one group.
The 23 May meeting in lasted over three hours and the two sides agreed " in-principle " on half of the 40 basic principles for the anti-graft Lokpal bill proposed by the civil society members. At the 30 May meeting the chairman made it clear during the discussion that the matters pertaining to the exclusion of Prime Minister, Judiciary would be a part of the discussions on the scope of the Lokpal. The Chairman of the Panel announced that the conduct of the MPs' inside Parliament would remain outside its remit of the Lokpal to comply with [Article 2 ] of the Constitution and that the views of the State and the political parties would be discussed with the civil society members.
Team Anna boycotted 6 June meeting, alleging that the police crackdown on Baba Ramdev had "strengthened the doubts" about the government's intentions and demanded that the next meeting be rescheduled because of Hazare's other commitments. The chairman suggested that the drafting should be the focus.
Post meeting, the draft was to be circulated to the other political parties for their consideration. They rescheduled the seventh meeting to 15 June. The two hours event took place on 15 June , with out agreement on several issues. Both sides furnished versions to the Union Cabinet for consideration. The government rejected the idea. Chief Ministers of several BJP -ruled states expressed surprise that they were being consulted before the final draft was ready.
Chief ministers of Congress -ruled states backed the Centre's stand and opposed bringing the prime minister under the Lokpal's ambit. BJP-ruled states sought wider deliberations. Opposition parties demanded to comment on the whole bill rather than on the six contentious issues. Hazare threatened to resume an indefinite fast if the bill was not passed by 15 August. Procedure for persons other than MPs and ministers : The competent authority is the Minister for officers of government bodies and the society head for officers of societies.
The Lokpal recommends disciplinary proceedings to the competent authority and provides a copy of the report to the accused. The competent authority must take action within 30 days and inform the Lokpal within 6 months of initiating disciplinary proceedings.
The House reports to the Lokpal on any action taken within 90 days. The Lokpal shall appoint retired judges or retired civil servants as judicial officers.
A bench of judicial officers can impose a penalty on a public servant after conducting an inquiry. The decision shall be subject to approval from a higher authority to be prescribed. If the Lokpal grants permission to investigate or initiate prosecution, no sanction is required from any other authority. The government moved its version of the bill  in the Lok Sabha on 4 August, the ninth such introduction. Leader of Opposition Sushma Swaraj opposed the exclusion of the prime minister from the purview of the proposed Lokpal.
V Narayanasamy told the House that Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was in favour of bringing his office under the purview of the Lokpal, but the Cabinet rejected the idea after deliberation. The committee recommended keeping judiciary and MPs' out of the Lokpal's purview and rejected the demand to move the prosecution wing of CBI under its jurisdiction. Committee members had unanimously recommended conferring constitutional status on the Lokpal and setting up of Lokpal and Lokayuktas in states under one bill.
The draft document did not take a position on the inclusion of prime minister. Another of Team Anna's demands for inclusion of entire bureaucracy was turned down, given that the draft favoured inclusion of Group A and B officials, leaving out C and D staff. At the final meeting on 7 December they decided to bring Group C and D officers under the ambit of state Lokayuktas. The Lokpal Bill was tabled in the Lok Sabha on 22 December  and passed by voice voting on the first day of the three-day extended session of the Winter session of the Lok Sabha, on 27 December , after a marathon debate that lasted over 10 hours.
The Prime Minister described this as "a bit of disappointment", adding, "We have, however, fulfilled our objective of bringing these bills to Parliament as we had promised. The government withdrew its previous version and had introduced a newer version of the bill.
The government gave in to the demands of parties. The bill passed by the house deleted the provision that gave presiding officers the power to act against ministers and MPs, even before trial, but the exemption time of former MPs was increased from five to seven years.
The consent of state governments is mandatory for the notification to set up Lokayuktas in the states, but the setting up of them in the states was made mandatory. The appointment panel is loaded in favour of the government. The Lokpal Bill was passed under Article [a] of the constitution of India. But no institution and no individual, howsoever high he may be, should be free from accountability.
The Left, Samajwadi Party and BSP staged a walkout during voting of the bill, protesting that their demands were not being met. At least 15 Congress members and close to a dozen belonging to UPA allies were not present at the time of voting. The house also secured the passage of the Whistleblowers Bill  . The ombudsman debate was taken up by The Rajya Sabha during the last day of the three-day extension of the winter session of Parliament, but the body recessed on 29 December without voting.
The House was adjourned sine die by Chairman Hamid Ansari. Narayanasamy's defence of the Bill. Ansari asked for the national anthem Jana Gana Mana to be played, signalling the end of the proceedings and told the house:. This is an unprecedented situation…there appears to be a desire to outshout each other. There is a total impasse. The House cannot be conducted in the noise that requires orderly proceedings, I am afraid the Chair has no option…most reluctantly…I am afraid I can't and….
After a minute adjournment between Leader of the Opposition Arun Jaitley charged that the government was running away from Parliament and that the House should decide how long it should sit. He added:. You are creating an institution where you control the appointment mechanism, where you control the removal mechanism. We will support the appointment of the Lokpal procedures, but we cannot be disloyal to our commitment to create an integrity institution.
Derek O'Brien said "This is a shameful day for India's democracy. The government handled this situation very badly. This meant that the proposed amendments would have to be set aside. As stalemate and wrangling continued, the chairman called an end to the proceedings. He continued to attack the BJP and called the amendments an "ingenious" method to scuttle the bill.
Activists pushing hoped that the House would approve the bill towards the end of the second half of the budget session of The bill was re-introduced in the Rajya Sabha on 21 May He said that the government proposed to bring the lower bureaucracy under the Lokpal, which would have investigation and prosecution powers. There would be provisions for attaching properties and a time-frame for investigations.
An amendment was proposed whereby the states would pass the bill so the national law would not be forced upon states.
After the amended bill was introduced, Narayanasamy, Samajwadi Party member Naresh Agrawal sought to send the bill to a select committee. This was strongly objected to by BJP, the Left parties and BSP, with their members arguing that only the minister concerned Narayanasamy could do so and accusing the ruling coalition of "using the shoulder" of a "friendly opposition" party.
After high drama the government yielded and Narayanasamy moved the motion, which immediately passed by voice vote.
Also, know important facts, evaluation, major highlights and implementation of Lokpal and Lokayukta Act here. The President appoints the chairperson and members on the recommendation of a select committee consisting of the following Previous Year Solved Papers. Monthly Current Affairs. Gist of Yojana. Anusheela Solanki Jul 7,
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In this article, the author discusses provisions related to the Lokpal and Lokayukta. The writer also puts light on the limitations and reforms needed for the Lokpal. Maladministration is like a termite that slowly erodes the foundation of a nation. It hinders administration from completing its task. Corruption is the root cause of this problem that our country faces. Though there are many anti-corruption agencies in India, most of these anti-corruption agencies are hardly independent. Many of these agencies are only advisory bodies with no effective powers to deal with this evil of corruption and their advice is rarely followed.
The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, , commonly known as The Lokpal Act, is an anti-corruption Act of Indian Chidambaram defended the deferment of Lokpal and Lokayukta Bill, in Rajya Sabha on 29 December contending that it was the "only "The Maharashtra Lokayukta and Upa-Lokayuktas Act, " (PDF).
Judicial Members . Non-judicial Members . The Lokpal has jurisdiction over central government to inquire into allegations of corruption against its public functionaries and for matters connected to corruption.
Short title, extent and commencement. Travelling Allowance. Form and contents of complaint. Contents of affidavit.
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Еще немного - и купол шифровалки превратится в огненный ад. Рассудок говорил ей, что надо бежать, но Дэвид мертвой тяжестью не давал ей сдвинуться с места. Ей казалось, что она слышит его голос, зовущий ее, заставляющий спасаться бегством, но куда ей бежать.
Халохот отчаянно озирался, но Беккера нигде не было. Сотни людей стояли на коленях перед алтарем, принимая причастие. Может быть, Беккер был среди. Халохот внимательно оглядывал согнутые спины.
Нуматака высоко поднял брови. - Позвоните, как только узнаете номер. ГЛАВА 72 В погруженной во тьму шифровалке Сьюзан Флетчер осторожно пробиралась к платформе кабинета Стратмора. Только туда ей и оставалось идти в наглухо запертом помещении. Поднявшись по ступенькам, она обнаружила, что дверь в кабинет шефа открыта, поскольку электронный замок без электропитания бесполезен.
A Lokpal is an anti-corruption authority or body of ombudsman who represents the public The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act was passed in with amendments in parliament, following the Jan Lokpal movement led by Anna Hazare in The historic Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, was passed by Indian.
ГЛАВА 67 - Сьюзан? - Тяжело дыша, Хейл приблизил к ней свое лицо. Он сидел у нее на животе, раскинув ноги в стороны. Его копчик больно вдавливался в низ ее живота через тонкую ткань юбки. Кровь из ноздрей капала прямо на нее, и она вся была перепачкана. Она чувствовала, как к ее горлу подступает тошнота. Его руки двигались по ее груди. Сьюзан ничего не чувствовала.
Издать? - Он с сомнением покачал головой. - Издать .
На ВР отчетливо было видно, как уничтожалось окно программной авторизации. Черные всепроникающие линии окружили последний предохранительный щит и начали прорываться к сердцевине банка данных. Алчущие хакеры прорывались со всех уголков мира.
Ты нашла ключ. Сьюзан покачала головой. Стратмор наморщил лоб и прикусил губу. Мысли его метались. Он, конечно, с легкостью мог набрать код лифта и отправить Сьюзан домой, но она нужна ему .
Однажды Мидж предложила Фонтейну перебраться в эту комнату, но тот отрезал: Не хочу прятаться в тылу.
Конечно же, это убийца! - закричал Бринкерхофф. - Что еще это может. Иначе Танкадо не отдал бы ключ. Какой идиот станет делать на кольце надпись из произвольных букв.
Чатрукьян повернулся и посмотрел в пустой зал шифровалки. Шум генераторов внизу с каждой минутой становился все громче. Фил физически ощущал, что времени остается все меньше.
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